Skip to main content

Access to water, women’s work and child outcomes

Poor rural women in the developing world spend considerable time collecting water. How then do they respond to improved access to water infrastructure? Does it increase their participation in income earning market-based activities? Does it improve the health and education outcomes of their children? To help address these questions, a new approach for dealing with the endogeneity of infrastructure placement in cross-sectional surveys is proposed and implemented using data for nine developing countries. The paper does not find that access to water comes with greater off-farm work for women, although in countries where substantial gender gaps in schooling exist, both boys’ and girls’ enrollments improve with better access to water. There are also some signs of impacts on child health as measured by anthropometric z-scores. [authors abstract]

TitleAccess to water, women’s work and child outcomes
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsKoolwal, G., Walle, D. van de
Secondary TitlePolicy research working paper series / World Bank
Volume5302
Pagination37 p.; 9 tab.; 46 refs.
Date Published2010-05-01
PublisherWorld Bank
Place PublishedWashington, DC, USA
Keywordsaccess to water, development, gender, poverty, rural areas, rural communities, rural development, social development, women, women's work
Abstract

Poor rural women in the developing world spend considerable time collecting water. How then do they respond to improved access to water infrastructure? Does it increase their participation in income earning market-based activities? Does it improve the health and education outcomes of their children? To help address these questions, a new approach for dealing with the endogeneity of infrastructure placement in cross-sectional surveys is proposed and implemented using data for nine developing countries. The paper does not find that access to water comes with greater off-farm work for women, although in countries where substantial gender gaps in schooling exist, both boys’ and girls’ enrollments improve with better access to water. There are also some signs of impacts on child health as measured by anthropometric z-scores. [authors abstract]

Custom 1202.1